Why Are Business Energy Prices So High?

British gas business prices

As businesses rely heavily on energy to power their operations, any increase in energy prices can have a significant impact on their bottom line. In recent years, business energy prices have been on the rise, leaving many business owners wondering why they are facing such high costs. In this article, we will explore the factors behind the surge in business energy prices and how it affects businesses in the UK.

The Wholesale Gas Market Crisis

One of the primary reasons for the high business energy prices is the wholesale gas market crisis. Wholesale gas prices experienced a sharp increase, putting pressure on the supply and demand dynamics. This surge in prices was a result of various factors, including geopolitical tensions, supply chain disruptions, and increased global demand for energy. As a result, energy suppliers had to pass on these costs to their customers, including businesses.

Impact on Energy Suppliers

The soaring wholesale gas prices had severe consequences for energy suppliers. Some suppliers were unable to cope with the rising costs and went out of business. This led to a disruption in the energy market, with affected customers being moved to other providers, potentially on more expensive tariffs than they were previously paying. This supplier instability further contributed to the overall increase in business energy prices.

The Energy Price Cap and Energy Price Guarantee

To protect consumers from exorbitant energy prices, the government and Ofgem introduced measures such as the Energy Price Cap and the Energy Price Guarantee. The Energy Price Cap sets a limit on the prices suppliers can charge for units of gas and electricity. Under the Energy Price Guarantee, a typical business on a standard variable tariff (SVT) is protected from paying more than a certain amount on their energy bills.

The Energy Price Guarantee, introduced in October 2022, froze energy prices at £2,500 per year for businesses until the end of June 2023. This provided some relief to businesses facing high energy costs. However, it’s important to note that the cap limits the prices suppliers can charge for units of energy, and the total bill will depend on the amount of energy used, location, and payment method.

Reversion to the Energy Price Cap

After the expiration of the Energy Price Guarantee in June 2023, business energy prices will revert to being set by the Energy Price Cap. The Energy Price Cap is recalculated every three months, taking into account the wholesale market situation and other factors. This means that businesses will once again be subject to potential price increases based on market conditions.

The Impact on Businesses

The high business energy prices have a significant impact on businesses across various sectors. Higher energy costs directly affect a business’s profitability, reducing their ability to invest in growth and innovation. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are particularly vulnerable to rising energy prices as they often have limited resources to absorb these additional costs.

The increased energy prices can also lead to financial pressure on businesses, forcing them to make difficult decisions such as cutting costs in other areas or passing on the increased expenses to customers through higher prices for their products or services. This can put businesses at a competitive disadvantage and impact their customer base.

Navigating the High Energy Prices

Given the challenges posed by high business energy prices, it is crucial for businesses to explore strategies to mitigate these costs. Here are some steps businesses can take to navigate the high energy prices:

1. Energy Efficiency Measures

Implementing energy efficiency measures can help businesses reduce their energy consumption and lower their bills. This can include upgrading to energy-efficient equipment, optimizing heating and cooling systems, and implementing energy-saving practices such as turning off unused lights and equipment.

2. Renewable Energy Sources

Exploring renewable energy sources can be a viable option for businesses looking to reduce their reliance on traditional energy sources and mitigate the impact of high energy prices. Investing in solar panels, wind turbines, or other renewable energy technologies can provide long-term cost savings and environmental benefits.

3. Energy Procurement Strategies

Businesses can also consider reviewing their energy procurement strategies to ensure they are getting the best possible deal. This may involve negotiating contracts with energy suppliers, exploring fixed-rate contracts, or utilizing energy brokers to find the most competitive prices in the market.

4. Demand Response Programs

Participating in demand response programs can help businesses manage their energy consumption during peak demand periods, potentially earning them financial incentives or lower energy prices. These programs incentivize businesses to reduce their energy usage during times of high demand, helping to alleviate pressure on the grid and reduce costs.

5. Energy Monitoring and Management

Implementing energy monitoring and management systems can provide businesses with real-time data on their energy usage, allowing them to identify areas of inefficiency and take corrective action. By closely monitoring energy consumption, businesses can make informed decisions to optimize their energy usage and reduce costs.


The surge in business energy prices can be attributed to various factors, including the wholesale gas market crisis and supplier instability. The Energy Price Cap and Energy Price Guarantee were introduced to protect businesses from excessive price increases, but business energy prices will revert to being set by the Energy Price Cap after June 2023. Businesses can navigate these high energy prices by implementing energy efficiency measures, exploring renewable energy sources, reviewing energy procurement strategies, participating in demand response programs, and implementing energy monitoring and management systems. By taking proactive steps to mitigate the impact of high energy prices, businesses can safeguard their profitability and competitiveness in an increasingly challenging environment.